Intuition vs. Sensation, Tactics vs. Strategy, Rationality vs. Irrationality: Psychological Patterns and Physiological Mechanisms
The research demonstrates possibility of reliable determining of all the 15 Reinin's criteria using answers of respondents to psychological questionnaires. Psychological contents of Reinin's criteria and the socionic types have been revealed in projection on statements and generic clusters of these questionnaires. An algorithm of determining types by questionnaire with building an individual type profile and emphasizing the primary type with equal usage of all the 15 Reinin's criteria has been developed by the author. The research demonstrates possibility of testing types using only 11 "weak" Reinin's criteria. Correlation of socionic criteria by a formula of their multiplication has been proved by the experiment in course of which two criteria engender the third one. At the same time, high residual degree of independency of each criterion from the other 14 criteria (about 60% of free dispersion) has also been demonstrated. Character of correlations between the criteria has been studied, modeling functions are proposed. Physiological "backbone elements" of Reinin's criteria have been found. For example, strengthened biological instincts and inclinations is the backbone of the Strategic pole while strive for research and orienteering activity corresponds to the Tactic pole. The balance of rationality and irrationality corresponds to balance between neocortex and hippocampus. A hypothesis is proposed that irrationals correspond to I.P.Pavlov's "weak" types. For Intuition and Sensation a neuro-mediatory balance model has been substantiated, where 5-OT activity is predominant for sensing types and AX-activity for intuitive types. The pole of "decisive" types is characterized with egocentrism and aggression etc. It has been proved that the regard of non-linear interaction allows revealing the only possible vectors of factor axes in the psychological space, which should adequately reflect real integral physiological mechanisms of brain.
Key words: socionics, Reinin's criteria, intuition, personality factors, testing psychological types, psychological diagnostics, psychology of individual difference, brain physiology, neural science, psychophysiology, neural system characteristics.
Determining the Text Author
Possibilities of application of occurrence analysis in socionics and a methodology of determining a text author are considered. The results obtained by the author demonstrate that psychotype influences occurrence of words in Russian language to lesser extent than the subject, genre and size of the analyzed text.
Key words: socionics, text, author, occurrence analysis, text spectrum, informational metabolism type.
Personality vs. Personality Type
The article presents reflections of the founder of socionics Aushra Augustinavichiute on the problem personality type. In her opinion the personality type is a form of personality that an individual's thinking fits in. Psyche is fed by information (this process is similar to how body is fed by foods) and produces psychical or informational energy.
Key words: personality type, informational metabolism type, psychical energy, socionics, introversion, extroversion, schizothyme, cyclothyme.
Informational Structure of Society
The Periodical System of Socion and Dynamics of Social Development
Elements of the theory of Periodical System of Socion (PSS) are analyzed, concepts of dynamics of PSS and social need for certain informational metabolism types are considered, dynamics of social need for certain of informational metabolism types is described, and analysis of PSS for the Soviet Union and Russia is presented.
Key words: Periodical System of Socion, informational metabolism type, socionic imperative.
Ideology and Power: a Methodological Study
The article considers the relation between the concepts of "ideology" and "power" using categories of valuative theory, "terminal" and "instrumental" values. Understanding of these terms is clarified by application of the socionic theory of quadral values.
Key words: socionics, philosophy, methodology, quadral values, ideology, power.
Ovcharov A.A., Meged' V.V.
Typological Aspects of Personality and Their Role in Cult Movements
The article considers roles of different socionic types (especially ethical-intuitive extroverts) in creating and leading social movements and sects.
Key words: religious sect, cult, destructivity, socionic typology, socionics, ethical-intuitive extrovert.
Based on ideas of semiotics and communication theory two classes of denotations applied in the socionics are described. They are systems of the formulas and the names. Further historical analysis allowed us to select the most widespread systems, whereupon their detailed analysis has been done, which results in the necessity of reevaluation of the problem of denominations in socionics.
Key words: socionics, socionic type, nomenclature, designation, formula, name, denotation, pseudonym, functional-role system, Myers-Briggs typology, semiotics, communication theory.
Makarenko T.N., Petrov A.Yu., Shmoilova A.A.
On Physical Analogs to Socionic Phenomena
The article considers levels of personality passion according to Lev Gumilev and proposes physical modeling of intertype relationships with regard to combination of types for each particular individual.
Key words: socionics, Passionarian (passionate personality), intertype relationships, personality type, intuition, sensation, extroversion, introversion.
Speaking for Oneself
Socionics Is My Advocate!
The article describes the author's experience of studying and application of socionics in Latvia. Using socionics for selection of partners for marriage has demonstrated efficiency of the socionic forecasting of relationships. For 7 years of working of the Scarlett Dating Club in Riga about 430 pairs found their counterparts: 43% duals, 31% activators, 20% illusionary, 8% semi-duals, 3% - all other relationships together. These results confirm theoretical foundations of socionics.
Key words: socionics, psychology, relations, married couples.